Demonetization in India and Zimbabwe


This is interesting!

While browsing the Google Trends, Word “Demonetization” has peaked the search results and is one of the top keywords that is being looked upon on the web in India.

We might be in a turbulent state with the phenomenon of “Demonetization” but we are not alone, quite recently even Zimbabwe and the Philippines demonetized their currency. Teknospire that is working to provide sustainable solutions of digitization to Fintech and Health Solutions has their operations in Zimbabwe.With Ndasenda serving as the operational division in Zimbabwe and teknospire as the tech division we are discussing the anatomy of Demonetization on the economy in two countries India and Zimbabwe.


  • When did It happen?

Zimbabwe
India
Zimbabwe demonetized its dollar from 15th June 2015 India demonetized its INR form 09-Nov-2016
Demonitzation Dates

  • Why Demonetization?

  • In Zimbabwe
  • One of the primary reasons for initiating demonetization in Zimbabwe was “Hyperinflation”. People even to buy a loaf of bread had to pay the amount in a trillion! When the highest denomination note - 100 Trillion Dollar note was not issued, ATM’s were running out of cash as people were withdrawing cash in billions/trillions and the cheque issued had to be double the amount as by the time cheque used to reach clearing the inflation rose.
    All this contributed to HYPERINFLATION and finally, the government decided to demonetize Zimbabwe Dollar, where any bank that would have held between Zeros to 175 Quadrillion Zimbabwe dollars got a flat amount of US $5. Due to such high value of Zimbabwe Dollar people use to trade in US dollar, the south African rand or Euros.

    Factors that led to demonisation in Zimbabwe

    Factors that led to demonisation in Zimbabwe

  • In India
  • As stated in Mr. Narendra Modi’s speech the key reason to demonetize was to curb black money and to fight corruption! As per stats from the annual report of Reserve Bank of India (RBI) of 31, March 2016 stated that total bank notes in circulation valued at 16.42 lakh crore (US$240 billion) of which nearly 86% (around 14.18 lakh crore (US$210 billion)) was 500 and ₹1000 banknotes. In terms of volume, the report stated that 24% (around 2203 crore) of the total 9,026.6 crore banknotes were in circulation.

    Factors that led to demonisation in India
    Factors that led to demonisation in India

    • What Next?

    Zimbabwe
    India
    Zimbabwe Dollars is a thing of past, and no longer valid. High Note Currency of 500 and 1000 is not valid
    New Bond Notes to be rolled out, that cannot be used for international settlements. New High Currency note of denomination 2000 to be issued
    New Bond Notes value to be at par with US $, so a 1 Note = 1US $ New note for denomination 500 to be issued.
    • The After Effects of Demonetization

    Zimbabwe
    India
    Stability in financial markets Deflation
    Enhancing consumer and business confidence Short Of Cash , worst affected are people of the base of the pyramid
    With release of new Bond Coins, the needy people may not face issue with CHANGE Interest Rates have come Down
    The country needs money to import goods, however as Bond Notes are not valid for international transactions, they might not be used. Consumption has reduced, that affects the production, growth, employment and even the tax revenue.
    Fixing the Bond Note value to US $ may not be successful in the long run as people would be forced to use it, that could trigger black market being flourished. -
    • Is There Any Solution? – Yes #GoCashless #GoDigital

    Digitization is the solution for one and all. Be it you are juggling with multi-currency or you need items worth high denomination or you need to pay your can the exact change! Adapting Cashless or Digital mode is the most viable solution that could prove handy in the long run.
    @Teknospire we offer solutions that could be handy for #Agency Banking , #MobilePayments and help #cashless transactions.

    References:
    http://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/currency-demonetisation-has-precedence-in-india-elsewhere/article9325160.ece
    http://www.chronicle.co.zw/analysing-demonetisation-of-zim/
    http://www.rbz.co.zw/assets/demonetisation-press-statement-9-june-2015.pdf
    https://www.rt.com/business/267244-zimbabwe-currency-compensation-hyperinflation/

    Author(s) :

    Content Strategist : Samiksha Seth

    Digital Marketer : Lakshmi Thampi

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